cancer is a malignant tumour of the prostate
gland which is about the size of a walnut.
It is located below the bladder and
surrounds the top part of the urethra. The
prostate produces semen and its development
depends on testosterone, a male sex hormone.
When cancer develops in the prostate, it may
spread through the lymphatic system to other
parts of the body such as the bones and
Q: How common is prostate cancer in Spore?
It is the 6th commonest cancer in the
Q: What causes prostate cancer?
A definitive cause for prostate cancer has
not been established, however, there are
The risk for prostate cancer increases with
age as well as an increasing number of
affected relatives. The incidence is high in
the Scandinavian but low in the Asian.
Smokers and workers exposed to cadmium are
also at a higher risk. Other risk factors
include a diet high in animal fat but low in
fibers, and a previous vasectomy. High
circulating levels of testosterone have also
been noted in those with prostate cancer.
Q: What are the signs and symptoms of
Prostate cancer often does not show any
symptoms, but locally extensive prostate
cancer may produce obstruction of the
ureteres by the primary tumour, which may
lead to kidney failure. Sometimes the
cancer may spread to the bones.
Q: How is prostate cancer diagnosed?
Prostate cancer may be detected through
routine rectal examination, blood tests,
biopsy, transrectal ultrasonography, & bone
Q: What are the treatments available for
If prostate cancer is detected in its early
stage, usually nothing will be done about
it, although sometimes a prostactomy or
radical radiotherapy may be recommended.
For advanced and metastatic prostate cancer,
hormone therapy is instituted as the disease
is hormone sensitive. Cryosurgery, which is
a controlled freezing process of the
prostate gland, may also be favored as it
seems to associate with fewer complications.
Occasionally, radiotherapy is used to
relieve pain caused by secondary cancers in
the bones or to shrink obstructions in the
lymphatic or urinary systems.
- Early detection and treatment can
safe your life. Don't
let it to be happened get caught in last
- Sign up for general screening for
Male General Screening Package which includes cancer marker detection for prostate cancer.
- Prostate cancer screening is provided in
our general screening package for men.